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April 2021

April 30, 2021

 Why PFM is Key for the Effective Roll Out of COVID-19 Vaccines

Budget Covid-19

Posted by Hélène Barroy[1], Federica Margini[1], Triin Habicht[2], Tomas Roubal[3], Peter Cowley[3], and Joseph Kutzin[1]

As COVID-19 vaccines are rolled out globally, the number one question for many countries is how much it is going to cost to procure and deploy the vaccines. Currently, COVAX only covers 20% of the vaccine purchase price for 92 eligible low- and middle-income countries. While the question “how much?” is a legitimate one to consider, especially given the fiscally constrained environment, another key question— “how to?”—requires careful attention as well. Figuring out how to channel necessary funds towards the vaccine roll-out is as important as determining the cost of the roll-out itself. For this, PFM becomes highly relevant as it is what supports the last mile distribution of a predominantly publicly funded and managed public good.

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April 28, 2021

 A New Game of Tag for Climate and Environmental Objectives

GREEN BUDGET TAGGING
Posted by Andrew Blazey and Margaux Lelong[1]

Of the tools available to governments to pursue climate objectives, green budget tagging is gaining prominence. Tagging budget revenues and expenditures enables ministries of finance and other government agencies to determine the green credentials of a governmental budget.

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April 26, 2021

 PEFA’s Global Report on Public Financial Management

PEFA global
Posted by Richard Sutherland, Silvia Lubenova Kirova, Antonio Leonardo Blasco, and Srinivas Gurazada[1]

The Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) Program released its first Global Report on Public Financial Management through a series of launch events (in three languages – see below) in February, 2021. This blog shares key findings from the Report and views from the international experts who attended the launch.

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April 22, 2021

Rwanda: A Home-Grown Performance Based Budgeting Approach

Rwanda
Posted by Rehemah Namutebi, Imran Aziz, Kubai Khasiani, and Gerhard Steger[1]

Background

Performance Based Budgeting (PBB) encompasses a broad variety of approaches with the objective of incorporating policy results and impacts in the budget negotiations and documents. Although there is no single definition of PBB its essence focuses on two key questions: How much money will be available in the upcoming budget period for entities funded by the budget? What policy results are supposed to be achieved by using this money?

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April 19, 2021

Why Public Assets are Key to Debt Sustainability: A Moral Goal

Public Assets
Posted by Ian Ball, Dag Detter, Yannis Manuelides, and Wang Yan[1]

Measures of a sustainable climate or even a healthy life are well understood and universally shared. Similar tools for measuring a sustainable economy and debt levels, using standard accrual accounting and budgeting techniques have been included in IMF manuals for more than two decades. Furthermore, IMF research has shown that countries with a stronger government net worth—total assets less liabilities—experience shallower recessions and recover faster in the aftermath of economic downturns.

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April 12, 2021

Surveying Macro-Fiscal Management in East and Southern Africa

Surveying Macro-Fiscal Management in East and Southern Africa
Posted by Bryn Battersby and Ian Lienert[1]

Institutional arrangements of Ministries of Finance (MoFs) can impact the effectiveness of achieving macro-fiscal objectives and longer-term fiscal stability. Our new IMF Working Paper is a cross-country study of macro-fiscal functions in selected African countries and fills an important knowledge gap. The paper draws on the results of a survey of the macro-fiscal function of 16 east and southern Africa countries. It also includes an analysis of the macro-fiscal forecasts of most of the countries in our sample.

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April 08, 2021

Disclosing New “Renewable Oil” in the Government’s Balance Sheet

Balance Sheet
Posted by Alok Verma[1]

Governments worldwide are collecting huge quantities of data on individuals, the economy, agriculture, demography, geography and natural resources, traffic, weather, climate change, gender inequalities and many other topics to support the delivery of public goods and services to citizens and monitor their impact. We are witnessing an emerging era in which data is new oil in the digital economy. The private sector has already moved fast in realizing the enormous benefits of their information assets. Many companies have appointed Chief Data Officers (CDO) who are responsible for “managing and leveraging data as an enterprise business asset and developing data strategies” to achieve organizational goals.

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April 05, 2021

Public Investment Management in South Asia

PIMA South Asia
Posted by Celeste Kubasta and Raju Sharan[1]

In February 2021, a workshop on the IMF’s Public Investment Management Assessment (PIMA) tool and the new PIMA Climate Change Module was conducted virtually through the Fund’s South Asia Regional Training and Technical Assistance Center (SARTTAC).[2] The workshop brought together 66 participants from all SARTTAC member countries: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Three countries in the region, Maldives, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh, have conducted PIMA’s in 2016, 2017, and 2018, respectively.

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