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July 2019

July 29, 2019

High Time for Green Budgeting

Gift emv
Posted by Murray Petrie[1]

In a previous PFM blog I discussed the urgent need for stronger mechanisms of environmental stewardship. This article discusses the closely related topic of ‘green budgeting’.

Green budgeting refers to use of the budgetary system to achieve improved environmental outcomes (OECD 2018). Some of the environmental impacts of fiscal policy are positive. Examples include funding for environmental protection, R&D spending on green technologies, environmental regulation, the collection, monitoring, reporting of environmental data, and research on how to conserve the environment.

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July 25, 2019

Better Stewardship can Avert Environmental Catastrophe

Gift emv
Posted by Murray Petrie[1]


The twin climate change and environmental degradation crises show emphatically that current approaches to environmental stewardship are failing miserably. Action is urgently required in three inter-related areas:

  1. Mandatory environmental target setting and the integration of these targets into governments’ medium-term strategic planning and fiscal policy.
  2. National ‘State of Environment’ reporting.
  3. Green budgeting - the use of the budgetary system to improve environmental outcomes. 

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July 23, 2019

Valuing Government Debt

Coins
Posted by Tim Irwin
[1]

How should government debt be valued?

Three answers are common: face value, market value, and amortized cost. But, as this paper argues, none of these answers leads to reliable indicators of the burden of the debt.

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July 18, 2019

Moving Forward with Fiscal Federalism in Nepal

NPL
Posted by Franck Bessette1


Nepal is known mainly for being the birthplace of the Buddha and the seat of the highest summit on Earth, Mount Everest. The country has also become the laboratory of one of the most ambitious state restructuring operations of our time. Nepal is being transformed from a very centralized administration to a federal one, comprising the federal government, seven provincial governments and 753 municipal governments. These reforms stem from the new Constitution of 2015 and were analyzed in an earlier blog article. Almost two years after Nepal’s national and subnational elections, what is the situation? As it turns out, achievements have been quite remarkable and far from the chaotic outcomes that some experts predicted. In summary:

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July 15, 2019

Mozambique’s Fiscal Risk Unit is Open for Business

Maputo
Posted by Camilo Gomez Osorio[1]

The achievements of the Fiscal Risk Unit (FRU) of Mozambique’s Ministry of Finance over the last two years are impressive.[2] A previous PFM blog article  described the background. While working to reduce the risk exposure of public finances and bring a medium-term perspective to the budget process, the Unit has also opened a dialogue with civil society on the management of fiscal risks and improving fiscal transparency. It is fair to say that the FRU is open for business!

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July 02, 2019

Mali Commercial Banks set to Operate the Treasury Single Account

Malings
Posted by Serge Ramangalahy, Benoit Taiclet and Benoit Wiest
[1]

A recent PFM Blog by Matthieu Sarda explained why the implementation of a treasury single account (TSA) is recognized as a core PFM reform in the eight West Africa Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) countries.[2]  The article focused on how the TSA was introduced in Niger, and the challenges that were faced. The story now extends to Mali.

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Les Banques du Mali s’impliquent pour la réussite du Compte unique du Trésor

Malings
Posté par Serge Ramangalahy, Benoit Taiclet, et Benoit Wiest
[1]

Dans un récent post, Matthieu Sarda expliquait combien la mise en œuvre d’un compte unique du Trésor (CUT) était, pour les pays de l’Union Economique et monétaire de l’Ouest Africain (UEMOA), au cœur de la réforme de la gestion des finances publiques.  L’article de Matthieu était centré sur les réformes en cours au Niger. Ce nouveau post aborde maintenant le cas du Mali.

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