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May 2019

May 20, 2019

New Insights on National Oil Companies

Nrgi
Posted by David Mihalyi and Patrick Heller[1]

National oil companies (NOCs) are economic giants controlling at least $3.1 trillion in assets and producing most of the world’s oil and gas. Many of these companies execute complex projects, provide critical energy infrastructure, and make a big contribution to local employment and state revenues. But NOCs also present important risks to public finance, as we highlight in a new report from the Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI), based on a database covering 71 national oil companies worldwide, from 2011 to 2017.

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May 16, 2019

Rethinking the Design of FMISs

Fmis

Posted by Richard Allen and Gerardo Uña[1]

Financial management information systems (FMISs) are a vital tool for governments to process, store, and report on financial information and transactions. A well-functioning FMIS provides timely, reliable, and comprehensive reports that support the government’s fiscal policies and fiscal rules, and the formulation, control, monitoring, and execution of the budget. If used well, these systems promote financial integrity and transparency.

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May 13, 2019

Open Contracting: Getting Better Value for Money

Open-contracting-h (002)
Posted by Lindsey Marchessault[1]

Every year governments spend an estimated US$ 9.5 trillion (15% of global GDP) through contracts on everything from pencils and paper to building major infrastructure projects. And every year, there are numerous cases where these contracts do not deliver good value for money. While the high-profile cases tend to make the news, there are often many more contracts that suffer from cost overruns, delays, poor quality, or corruption. In its recent Fiscal Monitor: Curbing Corruption, the IMF identifies the opportunities in putting an emphasis on procurement. This blog explores how open contracting can provide an innovative solution to the challenge of making procurement more effective, fairer and more transparent.    

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May 10, 2019

How Parliamentary Budgets are Set and Managed in Europe

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Posted by Johann Seiwald[1]

How do legislatures in Europe prepare and execute their budgets? This question was analysed in a recent survey of 20 EU Member States prepared by the Austrian Parliamentary Budget Office. The purpose of the study was to understand the rules and procedures that determine the budgetary process in national parliaments, the extent of parliamentary budgetary autonomy, and the links with good budget practices. The main results are summarized in Figure 1 below.

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May 06, 2019

Delivering Social Benefits in India through the FMIS

Alok
Posted by Alok Verma[1]

The Prime Minister of India recently launched a direct cash transfer program targeting 120 million small and marginalized farmers with an annual budget allocation of $11 billion. The program is called Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN). Under this scheme, which was announced on February 1st 2019 and executed only three weeks later, an initial database of 10.1 million beneficiaries was established and a first installment of INR 2000 (about US $28) was transferred to each farmer’s bank account.

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May 02, 2019

Implementing a Treasury Single Account in Niger

Ner
Posted by Matthieu Sarda[1]

The implementation of a treasury single account (TSA) is recognized as a core PFM reform. It allows countries to plan and manage their financial commitments by mobilizing resources more easily. Yet, as crucial as a TSA may be, its implementation has proved challenging in the eight West Africa Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) countries[2]. The reasons are political rather than technical. Public entities characteristically fear that by transferring funds to the TSA they will lose of control of the resources they manage.

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La mise en œuvre du Compte Unique du Trésor au Niger

Ner
Par Matthieu Sarda[1]

La mise en œuvre d’un compte unique au Trésor (CUT) représente « la mère des réformes », permettant à un État de mieux faire face à ses engagements en disposant de ressources publiques plus facilement mobilisables. Or, cette réforme, aussi nécessaire soit elle, se trouve inachevée dans la plupart des huit pays d’Afrique de l’Ouest (UEMOA)[2], pour des raisons essentiellement politiques : en effet, les entités publiques redoutent de perdre le contrôle des ressources qu'elles gèrent en transférant des fonds sur le CUT.

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